What Is The Minsk Agreement
At this point, only pro-Russian Ukrainians support Minsk and put Western allies like France and Germany in the curious position of advocating a peace deal they negotiated, but which many see as a blessing for Putin and the separatists. It was widely agreed that a pro Minsk regulation made unwanted concessions to Russia. Indeed, for five years, Ukraine has waged a war against what Minsk demands: more autonomy and linguistic privileges for rebel regions that no longer enjoy other citizens after Russia`s annexation of the same autonomy of Crimea. Minsk could also make the Donbass – like Crimea – ripe for harvest. Minsk II is the result of a night marathon cycle and offers a detailed roadmap to resolve the conflict. The 13-point plan begins with a ceasefire and the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front lines to be overseen by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). An “all for all” will be followed by an exchange of prisoners, local elections and amnesty for combatants; Both sides should ensure the security of the delivery of humanitarian aid and work towards the socio-economic reintegration of territories held by the separatists. Ukraine promises to implement constitutional amendments to provide for “decentralisation”; In exchange, all “foreign armed formations” will be withdrawn and Ukraine will regain control of its national borders. But the agreement is dotted with casual language and the order of many steps is very confusing. After Ukraine`s shameful withdrawal from The Donbass after the encirclement of Ilovaisk six months after the crisis, negotiators from the trilateral contact group signed a ceasefire agreement in Minsk in September 2014. The OSCE chose the capital of Belarus because it is easily accessible to all parties, at least superficially regarded as a neutral broker, and has been negotiating a new frozen conflict since 1992, rooted in the concepts of ethnic autonomy of the national minorities of the Bolshevik era: Nagorno-Karabakh. The ceasefire in Ukraine quickly collapsed when, with Russia`s help, the separatists suffered two strategic defeats at Donetsk airport and the Debaltseve railway node.
Nevertheless, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Prystayko said there was agreement on the so-called Steinmeier formula: a 2016 proposal by the german foreign minister at the time, according to which the special status law would enter into force provisionally at the time of the municipal elections, was confirmed only after OSCE observers found that the vote was free and fair. Another condition of a summit is supposed to be the withdrawal of troops from certain hot spots around the “contact line” (which Minsk says should have happened a long time ago). The Protocol on the Results of the Trilateral Contact Group Consultations, or commonly known as the Minsk Protocol, is an agreement to end the war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, signed on 5 September 2014 by representatives of that country, the Russian Federation, the Donetsk People`s Republic (DPR), the Luhansk People`s Republic (LPR) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).    It was signed after extensive discussions in Minsk, Belarus, under the auspices of the OSCE.